The Iberians, the dominion of Rome, the Arab culture … the cultural wealth of Mágina is not a product of chance. Iberian Cyclopean fortress of the hill Castellón (larva), Iberian site of “the little bird” (huelma).
Ancient Roman settlements of vergilia (arbuniel-cambil), ossigi latonium (torres-jimena), or mentsa bastia (the guard), which was also important Visigothic city. One of the most outstanding features of Sierra Mágina is its border past. Border between the bastetanos and oretanos towns, between Roman provinces (bética and tarraconense), between visigodos and Byzantines and mainly between Christians and Muslims during 250 years. A natural border between the Muslim and Christian territories during the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, the sierra mágina preserves in its villages remains of fortifications and castles dating from this period: the towers of the sun and sun (bélmez), bedmar And the remains of Arab fortresses and ramparts of jimena and cambil, which was conquered by the Christians in 1485, and the remains of the fortresses and ramparts of jimena and cambil, The border is also present in its legends and festivals of Moors and Christians, unique in the province of Jaén. Xaudar (jódar), walma (huelma), carchena (cárchel), qarsis (garcíez) … the present names of our peoples are just a reflection of the Islamic legacy.
Fiestas of Moors and Christians of bélmez, carchelejo and campillo of arenas. Tradition and innovation, landscape and wealth. Olive oil is part of our history and is present in our culture. Its quality and properties are recognized by the sierra mágina appellation of origin, which only covers extra virgin olive oils, picual variety.